A healthy microbiome (the sum of all the microorganisms that reside in the intestine) is known to be of outmost importance for many bodily functions such as: helping to metabolize food, synthesize certain vitamins, produce short-chain fatty acids that supply energy to mucosal cells, and detoxify exogenous substances.
Prebiotics can have a positive influence on the microbiome because they provide a good nutritional basis and growth substrate for desirable and positive bacterial strains in the large intestine. The proliferation of these strains leads to a suppression of undesirable (pathogenic) germs thereby inhibiting their spread.
Prebiotics are, in contrast to probiotics, not living bacteria, but indigestible dietary fiber. Because of this, they can pass through the stomach and small intestine "unhindered" and then enter the large intestine. Supplementing with prebiotics is also recommended as a supportive measure during a diet, as it increases the volume of food and decreases the absorption of carbohydrates. Prebiotics also stimulate the intestinal peristalsis. In addition, bile acids and ammonia are bound in the intestine and more effectively excreted, thus helping to relieve the liver and kidneys.
Inulin belongs to the genus of prebiotics, i.e. oligosaccharides, which are not digestible by the body's own enzymes. Therefore, it is a fermentable substrate for the bacteria of the intestinal flora. Inulin can promote the growth of beneficial intestinal bacteria such as Enterococcus faecium - whereas pathogenic germs do not benefit. Consequently, inulin is recognized as having a positive effect on the immune system. Organic acids are released when intestinal bacteria such as Enterococcus faecium metabolize inulin. These acids have a stabilizing effect on the intestinal micro-biota. Studies conducted on puppies have shown that inulin added to the food, reduced colonization of Salmonellae.
Psyllium (Plantago ovata)
The husk of the Indian psyllium has a strong natural swelling effect. The seed can absorb up to 40 times its own weight in water. Once in contact with water, it forms a protective layer of mucus. This coats the lining of the stomach and esophagus like a film. In the intestine, psyllium husks bind excessive fluid. The feces is thus bound and stays in the intestine longer. Therefore, bowel movement can be regulated in a natural way.
Microcrystalline cellulose is derived from plant fibers and is not absorbed or digested by the body. Dietary fibers such as microcrystalline cellulose regulate digestion and promote healthy intestinal flora. Beneficial intestinal bacteria can multiply and produce important short-chain fatty acids.
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